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A Comprehensive Guide to CrossFit and Functional Fitness Terminology and Abbreviations

CrossFit and functional fitness have taken the fitness world by storm, revolutionizing the way people train and pushing the boundaries of physical and mental endurance. To fully immerse yourself in this dynamic world, it's essential to understand the terminology and abbreviations commonly used within the community. This article aims to provide you with a comprehensive guide to the jargon used in CrossFit and functional fitness, allowing you to navigate this exciting domain with confidence.

  1. WOD: Workout of the Day WOD refers to the daily workout that CrossFit athletes perform. Each WOD is carefully crafted to target different aspects of fitness, including strength, endurance, and skill. The WOD is usually varied and intense, representing the core philosophy of CrossFit.

  2. AMRAP: As Many Rounds (or Reps) As Possible AMRAP is a type of workout in which participants aim to complete as many rounds or repetitions of a given set of exercises within a specified time frame. It's a great way to challenge one's limits and track progress over time.

  3. EMOM: Every Minute on the Minute EMOM workouts involve completing a specific set of exercises or repetitions within a minute, using any remaining time to rest before starting the next round at the beginning of the next minute. This format keeps athletes on a structured schedule and allows for intensity and recovery.

  4. RFT: Rounds for Time RFT workouts require athletes to complete a fixed number of rounds of a given workout as quickly as possible. The time it takes to finish the workout becomes the athlete's score, encouraging competition and constant improvement.

  5. Rx: Prescribed or as Written When an athlete performs a WOD "Rx," it means they are completing the workout exactly as it was originally written, without any scaling or modifications. This is a badge of accomplishment and showcases an athlete's proficiency.

  6. Scaling Scaling involves modifying a workout's movements, weights, or repetitions to suit an individual's fitness level or specific limitations. It ensures that everyone can participate and progress at their own pace, while still maintaining the intended challenge.

  7. Box A "box" is the term used to describe a CrossFit gym. These gyms are often characterized by their no-frills, functional training equipment and a supportive community atmosphere.

  8. CrossFitter's Alphabet The CrossFitter's Alphabet consists of various exercises that are commonly used in WODs. Some examples include:

  • A: Air Squats

  • B: Burpees

  • C: Clean and Jerk

  • D: Double-unders (jump rope)

  • E: Kettlebell Swings

  • F: Front Squats

  • G: Handstand Push-ups

  • H: Handstand Walks

  • I: Wall Balls

  • J: Toes-to-Bar

  • K: Kipping Pull-ups

  • L: Deadlifts

  • M: Muscle-ups

  • N: Thrusters

  • O: Overhead Squats

  • P: Push Press

  • Q: GHD Sit-ups

  • R: Rowing

  • S: Snatch

  • T: Turkish Get-ups

  • U: Box Jumps

  • V: Handstand Holds

  • W: Wall Climbs

  • X: Rowing Machine

  • Y: Yoke Carry

  • Z: Sled Push

PR: Personal Record A PR is an athlete's personal best or record for a particular exercise or lift. Celebrating PRs is a significant part of the CrossFit and functional fitness community, as it reflects the progress and hard work put into training.


CrossFit and functional fitness have developed their own unique language, a collection of terminologies and abbreviations that bond athletes worldwide. Understanding this language is vital to fully immerse yourself in the community, participate effectively in workouts, and track your progress accurately. Whether you're a seasoned CrossFitter or new to functional fitness, this comprehensive guide should empower you with the knowledge needed to tackle any WOD and achieve your fitness goals. So, let the AMRAPs and EMOMs commence, as you embrace the rewarding journey that awaits you in the world of CrossFit and functional fitness.




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